Dan. 8:14 then shall the sanctuary be cleansed ( KJV); then the holy place will be properly restored (NASU); then the
sanctuary shall be restored to its rightful state (RSV); then the sanctuary will be reconsecrated (NIV); wa-ni-tsa-daq
(then shall be made righteous) Hebrew.
The Seventh-Day Adventist Bible Dictionary, 1960, “little horn,” p 656. “In chapter 8 at the close of the specified
period of time the sanctuary is ‘cleansed’ of the ‘transgression of desolation’ erected in it by
the little horn (vs. 13, 14). In chapter 9:26, 27 the same power destroys Jerusalem and the Temple, causing
“the sacrifice and the oblation to cease”and desolating the sanctuary. In chapter 11:30, 31 the same power enters “the
glorious land” -- Palestine (vs. 16, 41, 45), stands up against “the prince of the covenant” (vs. 22), pollutes
the sanctuary and takes away the daily sacrifice, sets up the “desolating abomination” (vs. 30, 31), and conspires
to obliterate the worship of the true God (vs. 30) -- all for a “time, times and a half” (12:7). [Author’s note: Without adding
their explanation, this entire statement, especially the first sentence (8:13, 14), agrees with the SDA opponents
who teach that the little horn (not the sins of the saints) desolated the sanctuary which required cleansing in 8:14.]
One: SDAs teach that the sanctuary cleansed in 8:14 is not
the Jerusalem sanctuary mentioned in 8:11; 9:17 or 9:26. However, the nearest, and only, previous time the word, sanctuary,
appears prior to Daniel 8:13 is 8:11. Therefore, 8:11 should be the logical context of the question of 8:13 and the answer
Most Christians teach
that the sanctuary of 8:8-14 is the Jerusalem Temple which had been defiled by the little horn, Antiochus Epiphanes in 167
As already discussed,
SDAs admit that the sanctuary of 9:17 was the Jerusalem Temple which had been destroyed by Babylon in 586 B. C. They then
teach that the sanctuary of 8:11 and 9:26 was the Jerusalem Temple that the little horn of pagan Rome destroyed in A. D. 70.
However, ignoring the surrounding sanctuary texts (8:11and 9:17), SDAs change to teach that the sanctuary of 8:14 is the one
in heaven. Even the S. D. A. Bible Dictionary (above), “little horn,” cannot seem to get this
straight because it agrees with everybody else (except its own church) that the little horn defiled the sanctuary in 8:14!
Two: SDAs teach that cleansed in 8:14 refers to the
Day of Atonement ritual in Leviticus 16 rather than the necessary rededication performed in 164 B. C. However, the problems
created by connecting cleansed in Daniel 8:14 to the cleansing of the Day of Atonement in Leviticus 16: 19, 30 are
multitude. The KJV cleansed in 8:14 is an incorrect translation of the Hebrew tsa-daq. The NASU reads “properly
restored”; RSV “restored to its rightful state”; NIV “reconsecrated.” Tsa-daq is a
very common Old Testament root word meaning “justify,” “just,” “justified,” “justice”
or “righteous.” Its only other occurrence in Daniel 12:3 is correct as “righteousness.” In fact,
Daniel 8:14 is the only time (in 41 instances) that tsa-daq is translated “cleansed”
in the KJV! Desperate for proof-texts, the SDA Biblical Research Committee, in 1989, could only refer to two obscure texts
in Job to argue that tsadaq might also mean “cleanse” (Doctrine of the Sanctuary, p222).
In the Day of Atonement ritual of Leviticus 16, “cleanse”
is the Hebrew word, ta-heer, not tsa-daq. “Cleanse” is taheer in all 15 occurrences
in Leviticus. This strongly indicates that Daniel 8:8-14 does not refer to the Day of Atonement.
However, while “cleansed”
in 8:14 refers to a general restoration, or re-dedication, of the sanctuary, SDAs teach that “cleansed” in Daniel
8:14 refers to the Day of Atonement ritual in Leviticus 16. When Christ did not come to destroy the earth-sanctuary in the
autumn of 1844, the small group which later became SDAs made one error into two errors when they redefined their “sanctuary”
in 8:14 from earth itself to the heavenly sanctuary. Then they limited the heavenly sanctuary’s cleansing to only the
Most Holy Place.
Three: SDAs teach that the sins of God’s
people defiled the sanctuary in Daniel 8:14.
SDAs completely disconnected 8:13-14 from the remainder of the chapter and book context of Daniel. The 2300
days became 2300 years that ended in 1844. The sanctuary changed from the Jerusalem Temple to only one room in the heavenly
sanctuary. And, especially, the desolating power changed from the wicked nations and forces of 8:9-12; 9:17, 27; 11:31 and
12:11 to God’s own saints!!!!
the SDAs’ own explanation of 8:9-12 (previous chapter), the context of 8:14, they stated that the little horn opposed
the host of heaven, cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground, stamped upon them (8:10), magnified himself
to the prince of the host, took away the daily sacrifice, cast down the place of his sanctuary (8:11), was against the “daily
sacrifice” and “cast down the truth” (8:12). Very clearly, the little horn, and not God’s saints,
defiled and took away the “daily sacrifice.”
However, the SDA explanation of 8:14 ignores 8:9-12 and reverses the need for the cleansing
of the sanctuary! Although 8:12 says that God allowed the little horn to desolate the sanctuary as punishment for the sins
of His people (“by reason of transgression”), it was still the little horn who desolated the sanctuary and not
8:9-12 is a description of the terrible circumstances in Jerusalem from the time Antiochus IV cast down the Jewish religion
to the ground, enticed the Jewish boys to abandon the Temple for the Greek gymnasium, to his desecration of the altar, until
its restoration and rededication after the end of the war of independence in 164 B.C.
Four: SDAs teach that defiling the “daily sacrifice” in Daniel 8:14 required a Day of
Atonement-type of cleansing.
there are at least three different kinds of “cleansings” associated with the sanctuary service and SDAs have chosen
the wrong one to explain Daniel 8:14. Using the predominant scriptural terminology, the first “cleansing” would
be called the “dedication,” the second either “rededication,” “dedication” or “cleansing,”
and the third “atonement.”
NEW DEDICATION: The first “cleansing,” the original “dedication” of the sanctuary
was required when the sanctuary, or temple, was initially inaugurated for holy use after its construction. Only Ezekiel calls
it a “cleansing.” “When you have made an end of cleansing it, you shall offer a young bullock
without blemish, and a ram out of the flock without blemish” (Ezek. 43:23). The word used here, chata (Strongs 2398), means “removal of sin” and is the
most common word used for “purification from sin.” Scripture describes this ceremony in great detail, but almost
always calls it the “dedication,” cha-nuk-kah (Strong’s 2398). Also compare Exodus 24:3-8’s
initial dedication-cleansing was performed for the tabernacle in the wilderness, for Solomon’s temple and for Ezra’s
second temple in 515 B. C. Initially priests were consecrated through sin offerings for atonement to “cleanse,”
“anoint” and “sanctify” the great altar. “And you shall offer every day a bullock for a sin
offering for atonement: and you shall cleanse (chata) the altar, when you have made an atonement for it, and you
shall anoint it, to sanctify it. Seven days you shall make an atonement for the altar, and sanctify it; and it shall be an
altar most holy: whatsoever touches the altar shall be holy” (Ex. 29:36-37).
After the priests had been cleansed by the sin offering, the whole burnt offering of the “daily
sacrifice” was offered. The blood of the daily sacrifice was poured out at the base of the great altar and was not brought
into the sanctuary (Ex. 29:38-43).
anointing OIL, not blood, was used to “anoint” (not cleanse) the entire sanctuary! It
is important to note that the Most Holy Place was entered on this initial dedication day, not with blood, but with OIL. “And
you shall anoint the tabernacle of the congregation therewith, and the ark of the testimony" (Ex. 30:26). Although the blood from the priests’
sin offerings (i.e. Christ) was not brought into the sanctuary, it was still sufficient to consecrate the entire new sanctuary.This is a totally different cleansing, for different reasons, than that on the Day of Atonement (compare
30:10 with 30:25-26).
In 586 B. C.
the Babylonians entered the temple, took war spoil of all its precious articles from all of the sanctuary (including the Most
Holy Place), and then they completely destroyed Solomon’s Temple. In 515 B. C. a completely different second temple
was erected. Ezra 6:14-20 describes the restoration, or dedication (chanukka) of the second temple. The temple was
“dedicated” and the priests were “purified.” See Exodus 30:23-30, Leviticus 8 and 9, Numbers 7, First
Kings 8, Second Chronicles 7, Ezra 6 and Ezekiel 43.
RE-DEDICATION/RESTORATION: A second “cleansing” of the sanctuary was required whenever it
had been defiled by any unclean person or thing. Whenever the sanctuary had been entered and defiled by an unclean Israelite,
or by non-Israelite such as the Greeks in 167 B. C., the entire sanctuary complex was considered “defiled” and
required “cleansing.” Again, this is a different “cleansing of the sanctuary,” for different
reasons, than that performed on the Day of Atonement!This is very important! And, again, the Most
Holy Place was entered for the cleansing.
The 167 B. C. desolation of the second Temple by Antiochus IV, which is described in Daniel 8 and 11 and in the historical
books of First and Second Maccabees, was this second type of cleansing, or re-dedication. Antiochus had
offered a pig on the altar of burnt offering and had erected a statute of Zeus inside the temple. A restoration, or rededication,
was required in order to start using the temple again. The historian of First Maccabees 4:42 wrote, “He [Judas]
chose blameless priests devoted to the law, and they cleansed the sanctuary and removed the defiled
stones to an unclean place.” This is the cleansing described in Daniel 8:14 (and not that of the heavenly sanctuary).
Both Exodus 30:26 and Ezra 6:16 use cha-nuk-ka for “dedication” rather than tsadaq
from Daniel 8:14 or even taheer from Leviticus 16:19.
ATONEMENT: A third “cleansing,” actually called “atonement” of the
sanctuary, occurred once a year, on the tenth day of the seventh month of the Hebrew calendar, and is called the “Day
of Atonement” or Yom Kippur. Leviticus 23:27-32 uses “atonement,” or “atone,” (kaphar,
Strong’s 3722) three times in verses 27 and 28. Although Leviticus 16 uses “cleanse, clean” (taheer,
Strong’s 2891) twice in verses 19 and 30, it uses “atonement” 13 times, in 16:6, 10, 16, 17, 17, 18, 20,
24, 27, 30, 33, 33 and 34. Again, taheer is not the same word used for “cleansed” in Daniel 8:14. (Also
see Exodus 30:10.)
bad news for SDAs is that the Hebrew word translated “cleansed” in Daniel 8:14, tsa-daq (Strongs 6663), does not appear in any
description of the Day of Atonement rituals! Therefore, SDAs incorrectly identify the dedication, or re-dedication, “cleansing”
of 8:14 with the Day of Atonement “cleansing.”
However, even if it were the Day of Atonement cleansing, in their 1844 pattern-fulfillment scenario,
SDAs restrict it to only the Most Holy Place, although it actually applied to the entire sanctuary complex. Leviticus 16:33
“And he shall make an atonement for the holy sanctuary, and he shall make an atonement for
the tabernacle of the congregation, and for the altar, and he shall make an atonement for
the priests, and for all the people of the congregation.”
Five: By their very inaccurate application SDAs teach that part of the sanctuary could function
even though part of it had been defiled -- therefore, Christ could minister in the Holy Place while the Most Holy Place remained
defiled until 1844 (and beyond until immediately prior to His return to earth). This would have been completely unimaginable
in biblical reality.
This SDA error
is from deduction of their stated doctrine. Since SDAs at least concede that Christ began ministering inside the Holy Place
in the heavenly sanctuary after His ascension, then He must have already first made some kind of dedication of His blood (per
Heb. 9:23). However, this SDA solution creates at least two problems. (1) How could Christ present His blood and only dedicate
part of the heavenly sanctuary? (2) Why did He not dedicate ALL of the heavenly sanctuary on the same day as was done in the
“patterned” reality of the earthly sanctuary?
Contrary to SDA doctrine, all three of the “original dedications,” “re-dedications,”
and “atonements” found in God’s Word are total and not partial! In other words, if any
one part of the sanctuary were defiled, then all of it would be defiled! Therefore, the entire
sanctuary, or Temple, was always cleansed at the same time! Again, no part of the sanctuary could function unless all of it
had been restored by cleansing.
29:38-43 reveals yet another SDA inconsistency. The “daily sacrifice” was offered, or restored, before
the other dedications, anointings or cleansings could proceed. By taking away the “daily sacrifice,”
the entire sanctuary service was forced to cease. Likewise, by first restoring the daily sacrifice through ritual cleansing
and re-consecration, the entire sanctuary could then be restored. Even on the Day of Atonement, the “daily
sacrifice” never ceased and always preceded (and followed) the other rituals. This means that the altar
of burnt offering was used “first” and “third” for the daily sacrifice even on the Day of Atonement.
“First” for the evening (‘ereb) daily sacrifice, “second” for the Day of Atonement
cleansing and “third” for the morning (boqer) ”daily sacrifice.”
Six: SDAs teach that the cleansing of the Most Holy Place in heaven is Christ’s final ministry
phase which only began there in 1844.The
biblical facts are clear: (1) The entire earthly sanctuary received cleansing on the Day of Atonement, not just the Most Holy
Place. (2) On the yearly Day of Atonement, the “daily sacrifice” had never ceased and was still offered to begin
the day. (3) Since the sacrificial blood on the Day of Atonement was brought into the Most Holy Place soon after its being
shed, then Christ followed this correct pattern.
However, the SDA error of restricting the Day of Atonement “cleansing” to the Most Holy
Place is absolutely necessary to fit their Investigative Judgment. Yet their own statements create even more confusion. With
no explanation, The S.D.A. Bible Dictionary, “Atonement, Day of,” reads (following the cleansing
of the Most Holy Place) “In this manner the holy place was cleansed, and atonement was made for the
sins of the people (Lev. 16:16). In a similar manner the altar was cleansed (verses 18, 19).” Also GC419. Here,
SDAs admit that, on the Day of Atonement, not only the Most Holy Place, but also the Holy Place and the altar of burnt offering
were “cleansed” with the blood of atonement! Therefore, whatever types of sins were (supposedly) required to be
cleansed from the earthly Most Holy Place were also required to be cleansed from both the outer Holy Place and the great altar
outside of the sanctuary proper.
this admission contradicts their own doctrine in several ways: (1) As discussed previously, absolutely no ministry could be
performed in either the earthly (or heavenly) sanctuary until ALL of it had been restored after defilement. (2) Since the
cleansing of the Most Holy Place on the Day of Atonement was immediately followed by the cleansing of the Holy Place and the
great altar, the cleansing of these should be explained in SDA theology. (3) Christ could not have begun a ministry in the
heavenly sanctuary (in either room) unless the entire sanctuary had first been completely dedicated. Thus it makes no sense
to give the impression that Christ only moved from the Holy Place to the Most Holy Place in 1844. If one studies the doctrine
carefully, Christ would not have needed to cleanse any part of the sanctuary in 1844 because He had already been ministering
there since His ascension. SDAs fail miserably to follow their own pattern-fulfillment.
Seven: SDAs teach that Jesus did NOT enter the Most Holy Place in the heavenly sanctuary and begin ministering
there after His ascension. Therefore, by extension SDAs teach that the “right hand of the Father” does not refer
to the Most Holy Place.
With the lone exception of Seventh-day Adventism, the Christian world, both Protestant and Roman Catholic,
believes that, after Christ’s death and resurrection, Jesus ascended into heaven to the throne of God corresponding
to the Most Holy Place and sat down at the right hand of the Father in the heavenly sanctuary. His
sinless life, atoning death, burial, resurrection and ascension to the throne of God fulfilled all of the types of the earthly
sanctuary. He fulfilled the types of the many sacrificial animals, the daily ministering priests and the high priest. He also
fulfilled the types of the furnishings and furniture within the holy place and most holy place. Having finished his work of
atonement, Jesus “sat down” at the right hand of the Father. See the chapter on “Rooms” for a full
discussion of this subject.
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Russell Earl Kelly, PH. D., 316 Aonia Road, Washington, Ga 30673