8 - THE OLD COVENANT DAILY SACRIFICE
Dan. 8:11, 12, 13; 11:31; 12:11 “daily sacrifice” (KJV, NIV); “regular
sacrifice” (NAS); “continual burnt offering” (RSV); tamid (Hebrew); Strong’s 8548
Dan. 8:14 “days” (KJV); “evenings and mornings” (NAS; RSV; NIV); ('ereb-boqer) Hebrew
The “daily sacrifice” (tamid) in the
Hebrew sanctuary was a whole sweet-savor burnt offering which began each evening ('ereb) and again began each
morning (boqer) of the year -- including the Day of Atonement. The tamid consisted of two lambs of the first
year without spot. Since its appeasement-communication with God never ceased, it was also called the “continual,”
or “perpetual,” offering. Because the blood of the tamid was neither a sin nor guilt offering, it was
always poured out at the base of the great altar and its flesh was never eaten by priests (Numb. 28:1-7).
tamid was the first, or foundational, sacrifice which allowed all of the other sacrifices to follow. Therefore, every
part of the sanctuary service depended on the “daily sacrifice.” Without the tamid, nothing else could
be offered. And, conversely, if defilement occurred in any part of the sanctuary, the tamid was also considered to
The tamid made it possible for sin to be atoned and forgiven via the sin offerings which
followed it. Again, the tamid was not the sin offering itself! Even on the Day of Atonement, like all other days,
the tamid was offered first and last. Without the tamid, there could be no Day of Atonement sacrifice (Numb.
In the book of Daniel tamid is correctly called the “daily sacrifice” all five
times it is used (8:11, 12, 13; 11:31; 12:11). The tamid is identical with “evening-morning” (‘ereb
boqer). Its context requires it to be understood as the “evening and morning daily sacrifice” in the Israelite
sanctuary service. The “daily ministry” of the priests is not the same as the “daily
sacrifice.” Although their day began and ended with the tamid, the daily ministry included everything the ordinary
priests normally did.
Tamid’s first occurrence in Daniel 8:11 is agreed to by all, including SDAs, to be a reference
to the “evening-morning” sacrifice (‘ereb-boqer) of the Jerusalem Temple. The only disagreement
about 8:11 is whether the text refers to its defilement by Antiochus IV in 167 B. C. or pagan Rome in A. D. 70. However, 8:12
is very controversial. While most today say it refers to Antiochus, SDAs teach that it now refers to papal Rome which desolated
the truth about Christ's ministry in the heavenly sanctuary, especially through priestly confessions.
oddly, the SDA interpretation of Daniel 8:11-14 explains the removal of the “daily sacrifice” in three very different
(1) In 8:11 it is the Jerusalem Temple which was destroyed
by the little horn of pagan Rome in A. D. 70.
In 8:12 it is the heavenly sanctuary which was desolated by the little horn of papal Rome when the confessional was made mandatory
in A. D. 1215.
(3) In 8:14 it is the heavenly sanctuary
which was defiled by the confessed and forgiven sins of God’s children since Adam's first sin. Again, there is simply
no continuity between these three different explanations!
The SDA interpretation of
8:11-14 would require three completely different kinds of cleansings.
The first would require a non-Day of Atonement dedication when the temple was rebuilt.
(2) The second defilement (according
to SDAs) would be restored by the “truth” taught by the SDA remnant church since 1844 to repudiate the confessional.
(However, as Protestants they should teach that this refutation was actually given by the Reformers 300 years earlier.)
(3) Only the third requires a Day of Atonement type of cleansing similar to Leviticus 16.
Again, there is simply too much disconnect (no continuity) between these three concepts. None of these three would correctly
require the actual re-dedication of 164 B. C. referred to in 8:14.
As previously discussed,
the tamid began and ended every day of the year, even on the Day of Atonement. The Bible emphasizes that the little
horn of 8:11-12 desolated the “daily” and the entire sanctuary -- not merely the Most Holy Place! The
daily ministration of priests in the Holy Place was also completely stopped by the little horn.
greatly contradict themselves here. While they teach that “desolating the daily” in Daniel 8:11-12 caused the
entire sanctuary to be defiled, they then teach that defiling the “daily” in 8:13 only required the Most Holy
Place to be cleansed in 8:14! This necessary manipulation of the facts allows them to teach that Christ has continued daily
ministering inside the Holy Place since His ascension. Yet He could not minister inside the Most Holy Place because it was
“After 2300 ‘ereb-boqer (daily sacrificial cycles) have passed, then the sanctuary
will be restored.” The text plainly states that the daily cycles will cease until the
end of 2300 sacrificial cycles.
From a Protestant viewpoint, Seventh-day Adventists are actually more guilty of “casting down
the truth” about Christ’s high priestly ministry in the heavenly sanctuary than are Roman Catholics. SDAs deny
that Christ has been performing a uniquely high priestly ministry inside the Most Holy Place since His ascension. SDAs have
destroyed the “truth” about any activity by Christ as high priest before 1844. Yet Roman
Catholics teach that the confessional exists because Christ has indeed been ministering in heaven since his ascension and
priests are His representatives on earth. Roman Catholics do not teach that the confessional replaced the necessity of Christ's
Historically, Antiochus IV “took away the daily sacrifices” (and all others) when he
polluted the sanctuary in 167 B. C., as recorded in Daniel 11:31. The reliable (though not without mistake) historical books
of First Maccabees 1:45-47, Second Maccabees 6:1 and Josephus agree. Even the SDA Bible Dictionary
admits * “Jews at the time of Christ applied the prophecy of Daniel to the desolation of the Temple by Antiochus Epiphanes”
and gives references to the writings of Josephus. Then they admit “Christ applied the expression ‘abomination
of desolation’ to the [pagan] Romans.” See SDA Bible Dictionary, 1960, “daily,”
The question of Daniel 8:13 asked how long the vision would last before the “daily sacrifice,”
the tamid, would cease “to be trodden under foot.” And the answer in 8:14 was that 2300 daily sacrifices,
‘ereb-boqer (not “days,” yom) would lapse before restoration (tsadaq, not taheer).
Since the Old Covenant Day of Atonement did not restore the “daily sacrifice,” but always followed
it, then Daniel 8:14 cannot possibly be a reference to the Day of Atonement. A defiled “daily sacrifice” could
only be restored by “dedication” (hanukah) and not by a Day of Atonement taheer. The
“daily” was called the “continual” because it never ceased, not even on the Day of Atonement. The
only logical reason for using tsa-daq (for re-dedication) in Daniel 8:14 instead of ta-heer (from the Leviticus
16 cleansing) is because the defilement of the daily was caused by the little horn and not by the Day of Atonement’s
general sinfulness of God’s people.
Jesus Christ died to fulfill
all types of sacrificial offerings. As the “daily” lamb of God, the whole sweet-savor sacrifice, He died wholly
for us (Lev. 1:11-13). As the sin and guilt-offering lamb of God, His blood was brought into the sanctuary and sprinkled before
the veil (Heb. 12:24). As the Passover lamb of God, His body is symbolically eaten by believers (Mt. 26:26). As the goat of
atonement on the Day of Atonement, He died once for all time for all sin (Heb. 9:19-28). As the scapegoat on the Day of Atonement
he forever carried away the sins of believers.