Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.
And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had
And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created
These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made
the earth and the heavens.
Adventists teach that the creation Sabbath was twenty-four hours long and has never been lost in history. Since God rested
with Adam and Eve on the first creation Sabbath day, then it must have been set apart for all of the descendants of Adam and
Eve. The Seventh-day Sabbath, first observed by God with Adam before sin entered must also be at the heart of a moral expectation
from God. Since it had been instituted before either the nation of Israel, or the Mosaic Law, then it could not have been confined to Israel or its Old Covenant set of laws.
ANOTHER VIEW OF THE CREATION SABBATH
First, SDAs make an unfounded claim on Genesis 2:3 and Exodus
20:11 and call the Sabbath a “memorial of creation.” Although this may seem like ‘splitting hairs’
over something very insignificant, the texts do not say that the Sabbath was/is a “memorial of creation.” Instead,
it is a memorial “of the rest of creation.” Genesis 2:3 reads “And God blessed the
seventh day, and sanctified it -- because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made”
God began resting from His creative activity on the first Sabbath day and God commanded Adam to join in His rest B until Adam sinned. The emphasis is on “rest,”
not “creation.” Also, while “creation” is again mentioned in the Sabbath commandment found in Exodus
20:11, it is noticeably absent from the final version found in Deuteronomy .
Second, the Bible does not state that the sinless rest which
began on the original creation Sabbath day ended after only twenty-four hours. While Genesis, chapter one, states
that each of the first six days of creation were bounded by an “evening and a morning,” it does not state the
very same thing about the Sabbath! Why? Obviously, God was trying to indicate that the first Sabbath was somehow different
from the other six days of creation and continued beyond one day.
Third, there is some internal textual evidence suggesting that
the original Sabbath rest could have lasted for many years until man sinned. God watered the earth (2:6), planted the garden
(2:8), prepared the soil for the garden to grow (2:9) and placed Adam in the garden “to dress and keep it” (). “Dressing” and “keeping” the
garden did not constitute a violation of the original sinless Sabbath rest because God and Adam continued face-to-face fellowship
on a daily (full rest) basis until sin entered (3:8). Only after Adam had sinned and separated himself from God did his sharing
of God’s original Sabbath sinless rest change to a life of work and sweat (-19). While the original Sabbath day may have ended with sunset, the original Sabbath
REST continued. Not until the original Sabbath rest ended [for man] did separation and death resulting from sin enter (-24). The Bible does not state how long the original rest
[of Adam] which began on the first Sabbath lasted.
“But of the tree of the knowledge
of good and evil, you shall not eat of it: for in the day that you eat thereof you shall surely die” (Gen.
2:17). The countdown of the days until Adam=s death did not begin when he was created without sin. Genesis 5:3 says that “Adam lived a hundred
and thirty (130) years” before Seth was born. Genesis 5:4 says that he lived another eight hundred (800) years producing
children after Seth was born. Genesis 5:5 says “And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty (930)
years: and he died.” “All the days” probably does not include the indeterminate sinless time of rest spent
in the garden before the fall. Adam did not start aging until he sinned (Gen. 2:17; Rom. )! Therefore Adam’s nine hundred and thirty years (930) probably began their calculation when
Fifth, a memorial can point both ways. After falling away from
sharing God’s perfect sinless rest and fellowship because of sin, perfect rest in the garden ended. The original Sabbath
rest was an every-day rest. The Sabbaths are primarily types of the original every-day rest before Adam sinned and not
of a one day a week rest. Therefore, the one-day Sabbath rest given to national Israel in Exodus 20:8-11 is best explained as a reminder of Adam’s indeterminate
every-day rest period in the garden before he sinned. Likewise, the seventh-day Sabbath rest of Deuteronomy
5:13-15 reminded Israel of its current every-day rest from Egyptian
bondage. The two sabbath days of the Feast of Booths’ rest of Leviticus 23:39-43 also reminded Israel of its current every-day rest from Egyptian bondage. The New
Covenant believer is also restored, not to a one-day-a-week rest, but to the same kind of current every-day rest which
Adam had enjoyed in the garden before he sinned. Again, the believer’s rest is in the presence of God
every day of the week (Heb. 4:3; Rom. 5:1; 8:1; Heb. ). It is
also an imputed every-day sinless rest granted on the sinlessness of Jesus Christ.
Sixth, no rest day or Sabbath is mentioned in God’s Word
from Genesis 2 until Exodus 16 (at least 2000 years). Sinless Sabbah-day rest and subsequent every-day sinless rest ended
[for man] when sin entered. Mankind sinned and toiled without rest, either physical or spiritual. No rest and much sin led
to the flood, “And GOD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts
of his heart was only evil continually” (Gen. 6:5). God’s anger again fell in Genesis 11 at the tower of Babel. From Genesis 12 until Exodus 16 (Abraham to Moses) the Bible tells us of toil, and more toil, but no rest at all.
Seventh, there is no evidence that the seven-day weekly cycle
was either given to, or observed by, nations around the globe before Exodus 16. The SDA claim that the Sabbath was given to
all mankind before the Mosaic Law is false.
God had wanted all mankind to observe a Sabbath day at the end of each week, then He would have made such a day inherent in
the [natural] conscience of man. This has not happened. Although the ancient Sumerians and Babylonians had a seven-day (7)
week, this was most likely from the divisions of the phases of the moon. Their days were assigned to the names of their seven“heavenly bodies” circling Earth, such as the Sun, Moon, Venus, Mars,
Jupiter, Uranus and Saturn. Their numbering system used six (6) rather than (10) as the base of its calculations. Six, sixty
and multiples of six evidently influenced Hebrew thought (compare Gen. 7:6; Numb. 7:88; 1 Kg. ; Dan. 3:1.)
frequency of market days, not an innate call to worship on the seventh-day Sabbath, determined the amount of days in a “week”
for ancient civilizations. Some tribes in West Africa adopted
four-day (4) intervals between market days. The Assyrians adopted five-day (5) intervals. Ancient Rome adopted eight-day (8) intervals. And the ancient Egyptians adopted ten-day
(10) intervals. It was not until the first century B.C. that Rome adopted the seven-day weekly cycle. This information is found in most large encyclopedias under “calendar.”
point is that, while some moral attributes of God appear to be known to all mankind, the seventh-day Sabbath ending a seven-day
week was not. Therefore, the seventh-day Sabbath is not an eternal innate moral law for all mankind.
–not in book: Some Christians believe that the seventh-day Creation rest for God has continued because (they believe)
God ceased creating any new species at that time and only differences in species have occurred since man was created.]
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Russell Earl Kelly, PH. D., 316 Aonia Road, Washington, Ga 30673