EXPOSING SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTISM
103 QUESTIONS ABOUT THE SOUL AND SHEOL
Home
9. SDA PATTERN FULFILLMENT, HEBREWS 8 AND 9
WHAT IS THE SANCTUARY? A REBUTTAL
4. DANIEL 8:8-14 LAUNCHING SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTISM REVISED 2017
7. THE CLEANSING OF THE SANCTUARY REVISED 2017
14 REASONS WHY THE SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTIST DOCTRINE OF DEATH IS WRONG
ARTICLES
SDA DOCTRINAL STATEMENT AND COMMENTS
122 Errors in GC Intro, 317-408 (1 of 3)
The Sabbath Has Benn Changed Many Times
1. My Testimony and Introduction
2. Seventh-day Adventism in a Nutshell
3. Biblical Inspiration and Ellen G. White
4. Daniel 8:8-14: Launching Seventh-day Adventism
5. The Sanctuary in Daniel
6. The 2300 Day Prophecy and the Year-Day Principle
7. The Cleansing of Daniel 8:14
8. The Daily Sacrifice
9. Pattern-Fulfillment
10. Sin Transfer into the Sanctuary
Chapter 11: INVESTIGATIVE JUDGMENT BASIS EXPOSED
11. The Truth about the Biblical Sanctuary
12. Books of Heaven
13. Rooms in the Heavenly Sanctuary
14. Inside the Veil
THE SCAPEGOAT: ARTICLE
15. The Day of Atonement and the Scapegoat
16. Antiochus IV Epiphanes; 164 B.C.
17. Creation Sabbath
18. Weekly Sabbath
19. Shadow Sabbaths
20. Greater and Lesser Sabbaths
21. Jesus and the Sabbath
22. The Sabbath in Acts
23. Christian Liberty and Holy Days
24. The United States, Roman Catholicism and the Mark of the Beast
25. Two Different Three Angels' Messages
SHEOL: CONSCIOUS SOULS; ARTICLE
Appendix 1: Sheol, Abaddon and the Soul
Appendix 2: Hades and the Soul
Appendix 3: Jewelry, Dress Code and Deceit
103 QUESTIONS ABOUT THE SOUL AND SHEOL
160 QUESTIONS ABOUT THE SABBATH
214 QUESTIONS ABOUT THE INVESTIGATIVE JUDGMENT
165 ERRORS FROM GC P411-444 (2 OF 3)
50 Errors in GC P563-678 (3 of 3)
1260 YEARS OF INEPT POPES
Achilles' Heel of Seventh-day Adventism: Daniel 8:8-13
BATCHELOR, DOUG; SDA AMAZING FACTS
BRIEF DIALOG WITH AMAZING FACTS
Ben Carson, Dishonest Seventh-day Adventist
BOOK INDEX: SUBJECT-TEXT-GC-BOOK PAGE
Book Reviews and Endorsements
Dialog with SDA Scholar on the Law, 2014
Hell: After-Death Punishmetn
"LAW" IN THE BIBLE
LAW-UNITY TEXTS WHICH DESTROY SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTISM
PAPAL WEAKNESSES
Questions on Daniel from an Andrews University Scholar
Marc Rasell and Russell Kelly dialog, Oct 2009
Marc Rasell and Russell Kelly dialog-2, Oct2009
MILLENNIUM: BIBLE VERSUS GREAT CONTROVERSY
SABBATH-BREAKING IS NOT ON SIN LIST AFTER CALVARY
SITE INDEX: TEXT, NAME, WORD
Sunday Blue Law Paranoia of SDAs
TEN COMMANDMENTS ARE NOT FOR ALL MANKIND
UNCLEAN FOOD HISTORY AND LAWS

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Exposing Seventh-day Adventism
Russell Earl Kelly, PHD

103 QUESTIONS ABOUT THE SOUL

BY Russell Earl Kelly, PHD

 

1. Job 14:13 Oh that Thou wouldst hide me in Sheol, that Thou wouldst conceal me until Thy wrath returns {to Thee,} that Thou wouldst set a limit for me and remember me!

 

Why would Job ask God to "hide me in Sheol" if he ceased to exist at death?

 

2. Job 17:13 If I look for Sheol as my home, I make my bed in the darkness.

Job 17:16 Will it go down with me to Sheol?  Shall we together go down into the dust?

 

Why does Job compare death to a bed in darkness instead of non-existence?

 

3. Gen. 37:35 Then all his sons and all his daughters arose to comfort him, but he refused to be comforted. And he said, “Surely I will go down to Sheol in mourning for my son.” So his father wept for him.

 

Why did Jacob not say that he would cease to exist at death?

 

4. Did Jacob expect to stop grieving for Joseph at death or continue grieving for him after death?

 

5. Gen. 42:38 But Jacob said, “My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead and he alone is left. If harm should befall him on the journey you are taking, then you will bring my gray hair down to Sheol in sorrow.”

 

Did Jacob expect to stop grieving for Joseph at death or continue grieving for him after death?

 

6. Gen. 44:29 And if you take this one also from me, and harm befalls him, you will bring my gray hair down to Sheol in sorrow.

 

Did Jacob expect to stop grieving for Joseph at death or continue grieving for him after death?

 

7. Gen. 44:31 It will come about when he sees that the lad is not {with us} that he will die. Thus your servants will bring the gray hair of your servant our father down to Sheol in sorrow.

 

8. Job 7:9 When a cloud vanishes, it is gone, so he who goes down to Sheol does not come up.

Job 11:8  {They are} high as the heavens, what can you do? Deeper than Sheol, what can you know?

 

Why doesn’t the text say "ceases to exist" instead of "goes down to Sheol"?

 

9. If Sheol is only the grave, how can it be as deep as the heavens are high?

 

10. Job 11:7-9 Can you discover the depths of God? Can you discover the limits of the Almighty? {They are} high as the heavens, what can you do? Deeper than Sheol, what can you know? Its measure is longer than the earth, and broader than the sea.

 

If Sheol is only the grave, how can it be as deep as the heavens are high?

 

11. Numb. 16:30 But if the LORD brings about an entirely new thing and the ground opens its mouth and swallows them up with all that is theirs, and they descend alive into Sheol, then you will understand that these men have spurned the LORD.

 

If there is no difference between burial in a grave and being swallowed by an earthquake, what is the significance of the "entirely new change"?

 

12. Deut. 32:22 For a fire is kindled in My anger, and burns to the lowest part of Sheol, and consumes the earth with its yield, and sets on fire the foundations of the mountains.

 

If Sheol is non-existence, how can there be degrees of depth in nothingness?

 

13. If Sheol is only the grave, then what is the text saying?

 

14. Ps. 86:13 For Thy loving-kindness toward me is great, and Thou hast delivered my soul from the depths of Sheol.

 

If death is non-existence and everybody dies, what does the text say?

 

15. If Sheol is only the grave, what is meant by the "depths" of Sheol?

 

16. Ps. 139:8 If I ascend to heaven, Thou art there; if I make my bed in Sheol, behold, Thou art there.

 

If Sheol refers to non-existence at death, how can God be there?

 

17. If Sheol is only the grave, how can it contrast to the heights of the heavens?

 

18. Prov. 9:18 But he does not know that the dead are there, {that} her guests are in the depths of Sheol.

 

Why doesn't God say that the dead have ceased to exist?

 

19. Why give non-existence a place name?

 

20. Isa. 7:11 Ask a sign for yourself from the LORD your God; make {it} deep as Sheol or high as heaven.

 

If Sheol is only the grave, how can it be as deep as the heavens are high?

 

21. Isa. 14:14-15 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.' Nevertheless you will be thrust down to Sheol, to the recesses of the pit.

 

If Sheol is only the grave, how can it be as deep as the heavens are high?

 

22. Ezek. 31:16  I made the nations quake at the sound of its fall when I made it go down to Sheol with those who go down to the pit; and all the well‑watered trees of Eden, the choicest and best of Lebanon, were comforted in the earth beneath [nether world].


 

If Sheol is non-existence why describe it as "going down to the pit"?

 

23. Jonah 2:2 And he said, "I called out of my distress to the LORD, and He answered me. I cried for help from the depth of Sheol; Thou didst hear my voice.

 

How can non-existence have "depths"?

 

24. Was Jonah wrong when he described Sheol as the bottoms of the mountains in the oceans?

 

25. Jonah 2:6 I descended to the roots of the mountains. The earth with its bars {was} around me forever, but Thou hast brought up my life from the pit, O LORD my God.

 

How can all of this pictorial language make sense if death and Sheol are non-existence?

 

26. Amos 9:2 Though they dig into Sheol, from there shall My hand take them; and though they ascend to heaven, from there will I bring them down.

 

If Sheol is only the grave, how can it be as deep as the heavens are high?

 

27. Job 24:19,20 Drought and heat consume the snow waters, {so does} Sheol {those who} have sinned. A mother will forget him; the worm feeds sweetly till he is remembered no more. And wickedness will be broken like a tree.

 

Does not non-existence consume both the righteous and the wicked in SDA theology?

 

28. Prov. 7:27 Her house is the way to Sheol, descending to the chambers [chader: 2315] of death.

 

Does non-existence have chambers?

 

29. Ps. 55:15 Let death come deceitfully upon them; let them go down alive to Sheol, for evil is in their dwelling, in their midst.

 

If Sheol is death and non-existence, what does "go down alive to Sheol" mean?

 

30. Isa. 28:15, 18 Because you have said, “We have made a covenant with death, and with Sheol we have made a pact. The overwhelming scourge will not reach us when it passes by, for we have made falsehood our refuge and we have concealed ourselves with deception.... And your covenant with death shall be canceled, and your pact with Sheol shall not stand; when the overwhelming scourge passes through, then you become its trampling {place.}”

 

How can one make a covenant or pact with non-existence?

 

31. Hab. 2:5 Furthermore, wine betrays the haughty man, so that he does not stay at home. He enlarges his appetite like Sheol, and he is like death, never satisfied. He also gathers to himself all nations and collects to himself all peoples.

 

How can non-existence have an appetite?

 

32. Rev. 6:8 And I looked, and behold, an ashen horse; and he who sat on it had the name Death; and Hades was following with him. And authority was given to them over a fourth of the earth, to kill with sword and with famine and with pestilence and by the wild beasts of the earth.

 

How can one personify non-existence?

 

33. Rev. 20:13-14 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead which were in them; and they were judged, every one {of them} according to their deeds. And death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire.

 

Is it not clear that Death and Hades are as real as is the sea?

 

34. Job 14:12, 13 So man lies down and does not rise. Until the heavens be no more, He will not awake nor be aroused out of his sleep. “Oh that Thou wouldst hide me in Sheol, that Thou wouldst conceal me until Thy wrath returns {to Thee,} that Thou wouldst set a limit for me and remember me!

 

If Sheol is non-existence and not merely a sleep, why doesn't the Bible plainly teach such an important doctrine?

 

35. Aren't SDAs dishonest when they call Death and Sheol a sleep when they do not teach such?

 

36. Ps. 6:5  For there is no mention of Thee in death; in Sheol who will give Thee thanks?

 

If Sheol were non-existence, would not this question be unnecessary and rather silly?

 

37. Ps. 31:17  Let me not be put to shame, O LORD, for I call upon Thee; let the wicked be put to shame, let them be silent in Sheol.

 

Why doesn't this say "let them cease to exist" instead of using a place-name?

 

38. Eccl. 9:10-11 Whatever your hand finds to do, verily, do {it} with all your might; for there is no activity or planning or knowledge or wisdom in Sheol where you are going. I again saw under the sun...”

 

Does "under the sun" mean "as unenlightened man sees things"?

 

39. Why doesn't the text clearly say "there is no existence when you die?

 

40. Isa. 38:10 I said, “In the middle of my life I am to enter the gates of Sheol; I am to be deprived of the rest of my years.”

 

Why is Sheol a place-name if it means non-existence?

 

41. Isa. 38:18 For Sheol cannot thank Thee, death cannot praise Thee; those who go down to the pit cannot hope for Thy faithfulness. [Note: this text contains all three equals.]

Isa. 38:19 “It is the living who give thanks to Thee, as I do today; a father tells his sons about Thy faithfulness.”

 

Doesn't this mean that those in Sheol cannot praise God to the living?

 

42. Ps. 16:10 For Thou wilt not abandon my soul to Sheol; neither wilt Thou allow Thy Holy One to undergo decay [shachat ].

 

This is a prophecy of Jesus Christ. Did he cease to exist at his death?

 

43. Did Jesus' have a separate Spirit which stayed alive while his body was dead?

 

44. How can a "soul" go to non-existence?

 

45. Ps. 30:3 O LORD, Thou hast brought up my soul from Sheol;  Thou hast kept me alive, that I should not go down to the pit [bor].

 

Why doesn't the text say that God has recreated the soul from non-existence?

 

46. Ps. 49:14-15 As sheep they are appointed for Sheol; death shall be their shepherd; and the upright shall rule over them in the morning; and their form [strength, rock] shall be for Sheol to consume, so that they have no habitation. But God will redeem my soul from the power of Sheol; for He will receive me.

 

Doesn't this suggest that Sheol has separate chambers for both the good and the bad?

 

47. Ps. 86:13 For Thy loving-kindness toward me is great, and Thou hast delivered my soul from the depths of Sheol.

 

How can non-existence have depths?

 

48. Prov. 23:14 You shall beat him with the rod, and deliver his soul from Sheol.

 

Isn't this text meaningless if Sheol is non-existence?

 

 

Job 14:13 Oh that Thou wouldst hide me in Sheol, that Thou wouldst conceal me until Thy wrath returns {to Thee,} that Thou wouldst set a limit for me and remember me!

 

49. Prov. 15:24 The path of life {leads} upward for the wise, that he may keep away from Sheol below.

 

Does this make sense if Sheol is non-existence?

 

50. Job 21:13 They [the wicked] spend their days in prosperity, and suddenly they go down to Sheol.

 

If Sheol is non-existence, how can this be something for the wicked to fear?

 

51. Job 24:19 Drought and heat consume the snow waters, {so does} Sheol {those who} have sinned.

 

How can this make sense if Sheol consumes everybody?

 

52. Job 26:5, 6 The departed spirits tremble under the waters and their inhabitants. Naked is Sheol before Him and Abaddon has no covering.

 

How can a "departed spirit" "tremble" if Death is non-existence?

 

53. Numb. 16:29 If these men die the death of all men, or if they suffer the fate of all men, {then} the LORD has not sent me.


Numb. 16:30 But if the LORD brings about an entirely new thing and the ground opens its mouth and swallows them up with all that is theirs, and they descend alive into Sheol, then you will understand that these men have spurned the LORD.

Numb. 16:31 Then it came about as he finished speaking all these words, that the ground that was under them split open;

Numb. 16:32 and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them up, and their households, and all the men who belonged to Korah, with {their} possessions.

Numb. 16:33 So they and all that belonged to them went down alive to Sheol; and the earth closed over them, and they perished from the midst of the assembly.

 

How can this be a threat to the wicked if Sheol is non-existence?

 

54. Deut. 32:22 For a fire is kindled in My anger, and burns to the lowest part of Sheol, and consumes the earth with its yield, and sets on fire the foundations of the mountains.

 

How can non-existence have depths?

 

55. How can a fire burn in non-existence?

 

56. Ps. 88:6 Thou hast put me in the lowest pit, in dark places, in the depths.

 

Did David understand what happened to sinners at death?

 

57. Why doesn't David say that the wicked and the righteous will cease to exist at death?

 

58. Ps. 116:3 The cords [sorrows] of death encompassed me, and the terrors of Sheol came upon me; I found distress and sorrow.

 

How can non-existence have terrors, distress and sorrow?

 

59. Prov. 23:14 You shall beat him with the rod, and deliver his soul from Sheol.

 

Does this make sense if Sheol is non-existence?

 

60. Song of Solomon 8:6 Put me like a seal over your heart, like a seal on your arm. For love is as strong as death, jealousy is as severe as Sheol; its flashes are flashes of fire, the {very} flame of the LORD.

 

How can jealousy be "as severe as Sheol" if Sheol is non-existence?

 


61. Isa. 14:9 Sheol from beneath is excited over you to meet you when you come; it arouses for you the spirits of the dead [rephaim], all the leaders of the earth; it raises all the kings of the nations from their thrones.

 

Is this a description of non-existence?

 

62. Isa. 14:10 They will all respond and say to you, “Even you have been made weak as we, you have become like us.

 

Is this a description of non-existence?

 

63. Isa. 14:11 Your pomp {and} the music of your harps have been brought down to Sheol; maggots are spread out {as your bed} beneath you, and worms are your covering.

 

Is this a description of non-existence?

 

64. Isa. 14:12 How you have fallen from heaven, O star of the morning, son of the dawn! You have been cut down to the earth, you who have weakened the nations!

Isa. 14:13 But you said in your heart, “I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of God, and I will sit on the mount of assembly in the recesses of the north.

Isa. 14:14 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.”

 

Is this a description of non-existence?

 

 

65. Isa. 14:15 Nevertheless you will be thrust down to Sheol, to the recesses of the pit.

Isa. 14:16 Those who see you will gaze at you, they will ponder over you, {saying,} “Is this the man who made the earth tremble, who shook kingdoms,

Isa. 14:17 Who made the world like a wilderness and overthrew its cities, who did not allow his prisoners to {go} home?”

Isa. 14:18 All the kings of the nations lie in glory, each in his own tomb [house: bayit].

Isa. 14:19 But you have been cast out of your tomb [grave: qeber] like a rejected branch, clothed with the slain who are pierced with a sword, who go down to the stones of the pit, like a trampled corpse.

Isa. 14:20 You will not be united with them in burial, because you have ruined your country, you have slain your people. May the offspring of evildoers not be mentioned forever.

 

Is this a description of non-existence?

 

66. Ezek. 32:21 The strong among the mighty ones shall speak of him {and} his helpers from the midst of Sheol, “They have gone down, they lie still, the uncircumcised, slain by the sword.”

 

How can the wicked "speak" from non-existence?

 

67. Ezek. 32:31 These Pharaoh will see, and he will be comforted for all his multitude slain by the sword, {even} Pharaoh and all his army, declares the Lord GOD.

 

How can Pharaoh see from Sheol if it is non-existence?

 

 

68. Jonah 2:1 Then Jonah prayed to the LORD his God from the stomach of the fish,

Jonah 2:2 and he said, “I called out of my distress to the LORD, and He answered me. I cried for help from the depth of Sheol; Thou didst hear my voice.

 

How could Jonah compare the bottom of the oceans to Sheol if it were non-existence?

 

67. Jonah 2:3 For Thou hadst cast me into the deep, into the heart of the seas, and the current engulfed me.  All Thy breakers and billows passed over me.

 

Did Jonah understand Sheol to be a place of suffering for the wicked?

 

68. Jonah 2:4 So I said, ‘I have been expelled from Thy sight. Nevertheless I will look again toward Thy holy temple.’

Jonah 2:5 Water encompassed me to the point of death. The great deep engulfed me, weeds were wrapped around my head.

Jonah 2:6 I descended to the roots of the mountains. The earth with its bars {was} around me forever, but Thou hast brought up my life from the pit, O LORD my God.”

 

How can Sheol be the "roots of the mountains" of the sea and also be non-existence?

 

69. Ps. 88:3, 10 For my soul has had enough troubles, and my life has drawn near to Sheol .... Wilt Thou perform wonders for the dead? Will the departed spirits rise {and} praise Thee?

 

Are the dead "departed spirits" or non-existent?

 

70. If the dead are non-existent, should not the wording mention a recreation for resurrection from nothing?

 

71. Prov. 2:18 For her house sinks down to death, and her tracks {lead} to the dead [rephaim].

 

Why doesn't the text say non-existence if that is the truth?

 

72. Prov. 9:18 But he does not know that the dead [rephaim] are there, {that} her guests are in the depths of Sheol.

 

Why doesn't the text say "the dead have ceased to exist" if that is the truth?

 

73. Prov. 21:16 A man who wanders from the way of understanding will rest in the assembly of the dead [rephaim].

 

If death is non-existence, why does God mask this truth with so much symbolic language?

 

74. Isaiah 14:9 Sheol from beneath is excited over you to meet you when you come; it arouses for you the spirits of the dead, all the leaders of the earth; it raises all the kings of the nations from their thrones.

 

Is God being deceptive by saying "arouses the spirits of the dead"?

 

75. Isa. 26:14 The dead [of our other masters] will not live, the departed spirits will not rise; therefore Thou hast punished and destroyed them, and Thou hast wiped out all remembrance of them.

 

Is there any suggestion that the dead have completely ceased to exist?

 


76. Isa. 26:19 Your dead [of your nation] will live; their corpses will rise. You who lie in the dust, awake and shout for joy, for your dew is as the dew of the dawn, and the earth will give birth to the departed spirits.

 

Why do SDAs ignore all of the rephaim texts?

 

77. Lev. 19:26 You shall not eat {anything} with the blood, nor practice divination or soothsaying.

 

Why did not God say that divination was wrong because death is non-existence? Does not the existence of divination prove that the Israelites believed in life after death?

 

78. Lev. 19:31 Do not turn to mediums or spiritists; do not seek them out to be defiled by them. I am the LORD your God.

 

Does not the existence of divination prove that the Israelites believed in life after death?

 

79. Lev. 20:6 As for the person who turns to mediums and to spiritists, to play the harlot after them, I will also set My face against that person and will cut him off from among his people.

 

Does not the existence of divination prove that the Israelites believed in life after death?

 

80. Deut. 18:10 There shall not be found among you anyone who makes his son or his daughter pass through the fire, one who uses divination, one who practices witchcraft, or one who interprets omens, or a sorcerer.

 

Does not the existence of divination prove that the Israelites believed in life after death?

 

81. 1 Chron. 10:13-14 So Saul died for his trespass which he committed against the LORD, because of the word of the LORD which he did not keep; and also because he asked counsel of a medium, making inquiry {of it} and did not inquire of the LORD. Therefore He killed him, and turned the kingdom to David the son of Jesse. [See 1 Samuel 28.]

 

Does not the existence of divination prove that the Israelites believed in life after death?

 

82. Isa. 8:19 And when they say to you, “Consult the mediums and the spiritists who whisper and mutter,” should not a people consult their God? {Should they} {consult} the dead on behalf of the living?

 

Does not the existence of divination prove that the Israelites believed in life after death?

 

83. Isa. 29:4 Then you shall be brought low; from the earth you shall speak, and from the dust {where} you are prostrate, your words {shall come.} Your voice shall also be like that of a spirit from the ground, and your speech shall whisper from the dust.

 

Does not the existence of divination prove that the Israelites believed in life after death?

 

86. Job 26:6 Naked is Sheol before Him, and Abaddon has no covering.

 

SDAs do not interpret Abaddon, or the bottomless pit, as non-existence. How can Sheol be non-existence and not Abaddon?

 

87. Job 28:22 Abaddon and death say, “With our ears we have heard a report of it.”

 

SDAs do not interpret Abaddon, or the bottomless pit, as non-existence. How can Sheol be non-existence and not Abaddon?

 

88. Job 31:12 For it would be fire that consumes to Abaddon, and would uproot all my increase.

 

SDAs do not interpret Abaddon, or the bottomless pit, as non-existence. How can Sheol be non-existence and not Abaddon?

 

89. Prov. 15:11 Sheol and Abaddon {lie open} before the LORD, how much more the hearts of men!

 

SDAs do not interpret Abaddon, or the bottomless pit, as non-existence. How can Sheol be non-existence and not Abaddon?

 

90. Prov. 27:20 Sheol and Abaddon are never satisfied, nor are the eyes of man ever satisfied.

 

SDAs do not interpret Abaddon, or the bottomless pit, as non-existence. How can Sheol be non-existence and not Abaddon?

 

91. Matt. 25:41 Then He will also say to those on His left, “Depart from Me, accursed ones, into the eternal fire which has been prepared for the devil and his angels.”

 

Do the fallen angels cease to exist at death?

 

92. 2 Pet. 2:4 For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into Hell [tartaros] and committed them to pits of darkness [gloomy dungeons: NIV; gloomy caves: TLB], reserved for judgment.

 

Do the fallen angels cease to exist at death?

 

93. Rev. 9:11 They have as king over them, the angel of the abyss; his name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in the Greek he has the name Apollyon.

 

SDAs do not interpret Abaddon, or the bottomless pit, as non-existence. How can Sheol be non-existence and not Abaddon?

 

94. Rev. 20:1‑3 And I saw an angel coming down from heaven, having the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand. And he laid hold of the dragon, the serpent of old, who is the devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years, and threw him into the abyss, and shut {it} and sealed {it} over him, so that he should not deceive the nations any longer, until the thousand years were completed; after these things he must be released for a short time.

 

SDAs do not interpret Abaddon, or the bottomless pit, as non-existence. How can Sheol be non-existence and not Abaddon?

 

95. Acts 2:27 Because Thou wilt not abandon my soul to Hades, nor allow Thy Holy One to undergo decay [corruption].

 

Again, did Jesus' soul cease to exist at death?

 

96. Acts 2:31 he looked ahead and spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that He was neither abandoned to Hades, nor did His flesh suffer decay.

 

How can Sheol/Hades mean non-existence in this text?

 

97. Eph. 4:9 (Now this {expression,} “He ascended,” what does it mean except that He also had descended into the lower parts of the earth?

 

How does "the lower parts of the earth" make sense if Sheol/Hades is non-existence?

 

98. 1 Pet. 3:18, 19 For Christ also died for sins once for all, {the} just for {the} unjust, in order that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit;  in which also He went and made proclamation to the spirits {now} in prison.

 

Who are the "spirits in prison" and where is the prison?

 

99. Luke 16:22-23, 26  Now it came about that the poor man died and he was carried away by the angels to Abraham's bosom; and the rich man also died and was buried.  And in Hades he lifted up his eyes, being in torment, and saw Abraham far away, and Lazarus in his bosom....  And besides all this, between us and you there is a great chasm fixed, in order that those who wish to come over from here to you may not be able, and {that} none may cross over from there to us.”

 

Why would Jesus resort to using an illustration from "error" of Greek mythology if Hades was non-existence?

 

100. Luke 23:43  And He said to him, “Truly I say to you, today you shall be with Me in Paradise.”

 

Where did Jesus' soul/spirit go at death?

 

101. 2 Cor. 12:4 [He] was caught up into Paradise and heard inexpressible words, which a man is not permitted to speak.

 

102. Where was Paul "caught up to" while in vision?

 

103. Job 14:10 But man dies and lies prostrate. Man expires, and where is he?

 

Did Job know for certain what happened at death?

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Russell Earl Kelly, PH. D., 316 Aonia Road, Washington, Ga 30673