ISAIAH 37-66 Q and A



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1. 37:1-4 What did King Hezekiah do after hearing the threats of the King of Assyria?

2. 37:36 How did God rescue Jerusalem from the Assyrian threat?

3. 38-39 Did Hezekiah enjoy the 15 additional years beyond the time he should have died?

4. 39 Why did God tell Hezekiah that the riches of Jerusalem and the Temple would be carried to Babylon?

NOTE: Chapter 40 declares the greatness of God. 40:22 It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth. 40:31 But they that wait upon the LORD shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; and they shall walk, and not faint.

5. When Matthew 3:3 quoted Isaiah 40:3-5, John the Baptist was essentially saying that Jesus was ______.

Isa 40:3 The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God. 4 Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain: 5 And the glory of the LORD shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.

6. 41:8-9 Who is God’s Servant? _______

7. 42:6-8 To whom is the servant-nation changing into? ____________

8. 43:25; 44:21-22 Why does God promise to blot out Israel’s transgressions?

NOTE: In chapter 44 God mocks idols and those who make and worship them. He is the only true God.

9. 44:28; 45:1-2, 13 Isaiah predicted that a pagan named Cyrus would destroy Babylon and allow Judah to return home. Who was Cyrus when this was written?

NOTABLE TEXT: Isa 45:23 That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.

10. 46:10 If Isaiah’s prophecies were written after the events, our Bible would be ______ and not _________________.

NOTE: Chapters 47-48 describe God’s punishment of Babylon.

11: 49:1-2 Messiah is speaking as Messiah-Israel (the 2nd Israel-Jacob), the Overcomer with God and not the nation (Heb 10:4-9). Why are 4:5-7 references to Messiah and not Israel the nation?

12. 50:6 Still speaking as Israel-Messiah, how is Christ’s crucifixion described?

NOTE: From chapter 51 to 52:12 God promises restoration to redeemed Jerusalem and Israel.

13. 52:13 to 53:12 describe Israel-Messiah, God’s servant, as a vicarious human sacrifice for Israel’s sins. On a separate page, list reasons why these texts cannot refer to national Israel.

NOTE: Chapter 54 speaks of the unconditional ultimate blessings of Israel. In 55:3 God’s promises of blessings to David are also God’s promises to Israel.


Isa 55:7 Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return unto the LORD, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.

Isa 55:8 For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, saith the LORD.

Isa 55:9 For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts.

Isa 55:11 So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it.

14. Chapter 56 discusses non-Hebrews who join with Israel. From verses 6-7 what were they required to do?

15. Chapter 57 describes the wicked. What are 57:1-2 good texts for?

16. Chapter 58 discusses false fasting. In 58:13-14 which reform affects other reforms?

NOTE: Chapter 59 again describes sin with a short remainder of ultimate restoration.

NOTABLE TEXT: 59:2 But your iniquities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have hid his face from you, that he will not hear.

NOTE: Chapter 60 is all about restoration of Israel.

17. The speaker in chapter 61 is the Messiah and not the nation Israel. When and where was 61:1-2a quoted in the New Testament?

NOTE: Chapter 62 repeats God’s ultimate unconditional restoration and blessing of Jerusalem.

Chapter 63 describes the sins of Israel through the eyes of the prophet Isaiah or Messiah.

Chapter64 is the prophet’s request for God to come down from heaven and punish sinners.


Isa 64:4 For since the beginning of the world men have not heard, nor perceived by the ear, neither hath the eye seen, O God, beside thee, what he hath prepared for him that waiteth for him.

ISAIAH 64:6 But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.

ISAIAH 64:8 But now, O LORD, thou art our father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand.

NOTE: In Chapter 65 God replies to the prophet’s request for swift punishment with promises of mostly punishment with some redemption.

18. Where is 65:17-18 referenced in the New Testament?

19. What is 65:20-25 a description of?

20. How can we reconcile Isaiah 65:17-19 with 65:20-25?

NOTE: Chapter 66:1-20 is a final promise to destroy wicked Gentiles and Hebrews.

21. 65:21-22 Amazingly, Isaiah, a Hebrew prophet, prophesied that Gentiles would be priests and Levites in the eternal kingdoms. What O. T. and N. T. texts relate to this?

22. 66:23 Why does this text fail to prove that the 7th day Sabbath will be observed in eternity?

23. How can we be sure that only one Isaiah wrote the book of Isaiah?



1. 37:1-4 King Hezekiah and the priests wore sackcloth, prayed and sent for Isaiah.

2. 37:36 God killed 185,000 Assyrian soldiers without battle.

3. No. Chapters 38 and 39.

4. 39:1-6 Hezekiah had boastfully showed the representatives of Babylon all the riches of Jerusalem and its temple.

5. 40:3-5 God

6. 41:8-9 Israel is God’s servant

7. 42:6 Messiah, Jesus

8. 43:4-6 for His own sake; compare Ezekiel 36:22

9. 44:28; 45:1-2 Cyrus would become ruler of Media Persia, overthrow Babylon, allow Judah to return from captivity and assist in rebuilding the Temple. Conservatives believe this was written over 100 years before Cyrus was born.

10. 46:10 wrong, inspired

11. 49:5

a) The speaker was creased “to bring Jacob (Israel) back to God.”

b) He will be “glorious” whether Israel is gathered or not.

c) he is God’s “servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel”

d) he will be “for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth.

e) the “nation” of Israel “abhorreth” him

f) because of Him “kings shall worship” the LORD

12. 50:6 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.

13. 52-13 to 53:12 “Servant” not a “nation.” From the viewpoint of Isaiah “we” and “us” must refer to the nation Israel.

a) 52:14 appearance marred more than any man

b) 52:15 sprinkle (cleanse) many nations

c) 53:2 nothing unusual about his physical attributes

d) 53:3a lived a life being despised and rejected and knowing many sorrows

e) 53:3b the people of Israel despised and rejected him

f) 53:4a bore the griefs and sorrows of Israel

g) 53:4b Israel considered him smitten of God

h) 53:5a He vicariously suffered the transgressions and iniquities of Israel

i) 53:5b his suffering caused the healing of Israel

j) 15:6 the LORD has laid the iniquity of all Israel on him

k) 53:7 he offered no reply to his accusers

l) 53:8a he was denied a real trial

m) 53:8b he was killed for the transgressions of Israel

n) 53:9a he was buried with the wicked and rich

o) 53:9b he had never been guilty of deceit

p) 53:10a the LORD made his soul a sin offering (Israel had no human sacrifices)

q) 53:10b he will not stay dead

r) 53:10c he will see his seed and prolong his days

s) 53:11a his suffering will be beneficial

t) 53:11b justification will result from knowledge that he will bear their iniquities

u) 53:12 (repeats 1-11)

14. 56:6 a) keep the sabbaths, b) keep all of the (old) covenant, c) pray, d) offer burnt offerings and sacrifices

15. 57:1-2 are good texts for soul-winning and funerals of righteous persons.

16. 58:13-14 Sabbath day reform

17. Luke 4:18-19 by Jesus in Nazareth as He began His ministry.

18. 65:17-18 referenced in Revelation 21:1.

19. 65:20-25 is a description of the Millennium, the 1000 year reign of Messiah on earth.

20. The Bible Knowledge Commentary by Walvoord and Zuck suggests that Isaiah’s view of eternity began with the Messianic reign on earth.

21. Exodus 19:5-6; 1 Peter 2:9-10; Revelation 5:10

22. a) 65:23 proves too much; if the 7th Sabbath is to be observed, so also will the monthly new moon Sabbaths (which SDAs do not teach). b) this may occur during the Millennium, c) “from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another” may simply refer to “every day” and d) 66:24 is in the context of the millennium and not eternity.

23. Jesus quoted from all sections of Isaiah and credited Isaiah as the author. Compare Isaiah 61:1-2 with Luke 4:17-19. Also all finds of Isiah are all 3.

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