O. T. TIMELINE q&a and Liberal Theology





As a whole the following churches are considered teachers of LIBERAL theology.

1. The Bible has not been preserved as inspired or inerrant.

2. The Pentateuch and Moses are traditions. Much of the Pentateuch was written after 630 B.C.

3. The Old Testament is a parch-work of at least 4 different sources: J – YHWH (Yahweh, Jehovah); E – Elohist (Elohim); D – Deuteronomy (2 Kings 23:2) and P – Priestly (such as Leviticus)

4. Except for the bodily ascension of Jesus Christ, most Bible miracles are traditions and fictitious.

5. Homosexuals can become church leaders. Woman can become church elders and preach.



African Methodist Episcopal Church

The African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church

Alliance of Baptists

American Baptist Churches in the USA

Armenian Church of America

Christian Methodist Episcopal Church

Church of the Brethren

Community of Christ

Coptic Orthodox (Egyptian)

Ecumenical Catholic Communion

The Episcopal Church (USA)

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America

Hungarian Reformed Church

International Council of Community Churches

Korean Presbyterian Church Abroad

Moravian Church in America, N and S

National Baptist Convention of America, Inc.

National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc.

National Missionary Baptist Convention of America

Orthodox Church in America

Patriarchal Parishes of the Russian Orthodox Church

Polish National Catholic Church

Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)

Progressive National Baptist Convention, Inc.

Reformed Church in America

Religious Society of Friends, Friends United Meeting

Religious Society of Friends, Philadelphia

Serbian Orthodox Church in North and South America

Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch

Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the USA

United Church of Christ

United Methodist Church


LIBERAL THEOLOGY: National Council of Churches

Victory Baptist Church Bible Institute

This is a faith ministry. Donations are appreciated.


1. How do liberal and conservative Christians disagree on biblical infallibility and preservation?
2. According to liberals, what do they usually mean when they refer to Moses’ writings?

3. What is the prevailing theory among liberals concerning when Deuteronomy was written?

4. What is the prevailing theory among liberals concerning when Daniel was written?

5. What is the prevailing theory among liberals concerning the sins of homosexuality?

6. List six empires which have ruled over the nation of Israel.
7. Which major biblical figure was alive in 2000 BC?

8. Give one of two approximate dates for the Exodus from Egypt.
9. Which major biblical figure was alive in 1000 BC?

10. Which world-ruling empire was prominent during the period of the Judges, Samuel, Saul, David and Solomon?

11. When did the civil war occur which split Israel into N. Israel and S. Judah?

12. Which empire carried away northern Israel and when?

13. Which empire probably received tribute from Judah from the death of Solomon (930 BC) to the time of Josiah (630 BC)?

14. Which empire carried away southern Judah and when?

15. What is the context of Ezekiel and Daniel?

16. Which empire allowed Judah to return to its own land and when?

17. Why were the Jews of Esther’s time in such a predicament?

18. What is the context of Ezra, Nehemiah, Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi?

19. Which empire arose and fell between the Old and New Testaments?

20. What happened to Judah (and Israel) between 164 BC and the New Testament? Many choices.

21. What did the Greeks do that united the world from Italy to India?



1. LIBERALS: Bible is mostly fictional tradition; CONSERVATIVES: inspired and inerrant

2. When referring to Moses, they often mean the traditions associated with Moses but written by many authors over centuries.

3. The Bible errs; Moses did not write Deuteronomy. It was written by Josiah’s scribes to bring revival around 630 BC.

4. The person and story of Daniel is fictitious. It was written after the event around 165 BC.

5. Homosexuality is not a sin; it is a natural consequence of genetics. Homosexuals can become church members.

6. Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Persia, Greece, Rome.

7. Abraham

8. David

9. 1400, 1600

10. None. A power vacuum existed.

11. 930BC

12. Assyria; 722 BC

13. Egypt

14. Babylon; 586 BC

15. Inside Babylon during 70 years captivity from 606 to 536 BC.

16. Persia; 539 BC

17. They chose to stay in Persia.

18. Post-exile: in Judea after the return from captivity. Rebuilding the temple.

19. Greek, Greece.

20. It gained independence for about 100 years.

21. They required all conquered nations to learn the Greek language.

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